Diagnostics Department

ECG Department


This department records an electrocardiogram of all those patients who visit Punjab Institute of Cardiology. ECG is a strip of graphic produced by an electrocardiograph, which records the electrical voltage in the heart in the form of a continuous strip graph· It is the prime tool in cardiac electrophysiology, and has a prime function in screening and diagnosis of cardiovascular diseases.

This department works round the clock in emergency ward while in OPD, it works from 08:00am to 12pm in working days.

This unit is equipped with 3-channel ECG machines both in OPD and Emergency departments. In Emergency Department, ECG is free of cost for all cardiac patients. While in OPD, its fee is subject to patient categorization.


ETT Department


Exercise Tolerance Test (ETT) is used to measure the heart's response to exercise (also known as a stress test). The department is functioning in new OPD building with 05 latest machines under the supervision of qualified and experienced doctors. Complete backup support for admission / treatment is available in case of any emergency during ETT.


Echo Department


Echocardiogram is a noninvasive cardiac imaging procedure used to diagnose heart disease, valve disorders and weakened heart muscle. Echocardiography department is working with 08 Color Doppler machines. All modalities of Echocardiography such as Transthoracic Echo, Transesophageal Echo, Contrast Echo, Stress Echo and Carotid Doppler studies are being performed. The facility of echocardiography is available in the morning and evening for OPD patient and round the clock for emergency and indoor patients. Post Graduate trainees and Diploma students are being trained in the department on routine basis. All consultants and trained doctors are provided the opportunity to do echo of their patients. There are two dedicated Echo sessions for Paediatric Congenital Diseases per week. On an average 60 to 70 Echocardiography tests are being done daily.


Nuclear Medicine Department


A Nuclear Medicine Scan or Thallium Scan is a test to estimate the amount of blood reaching the heart muscle daring rest and exercise. It is typically done to determine the cause of unexplained chest pain or to determine the location and amount of injured heart muscle after a heart attack.

Our Nuclear Medicine Department is conducting a complete range of nuclear medicine procedures with two latest double headed gamma cameras; Prism XP 2000, E Cam Signature Series Gamma Cameras, both with simultaneous transmission emission capability for attenuation correction. The Hot Lab is also equipped with latest isolator technology from America. The department is run by a thoroughly trained academic and technical staff.


A complete range of Nuclear Medicine procedures are carried out in this division. More than 6000 planar and SPECT Nuclear Medicine studies are performed annually. Nuclear Medicine Department is accredited with College of Physicians & Surgeons Pakistan and Pakistan Institute of Engineering &- Applied Sciences Nilore, Islamabad for post graduate training in Nuclear Medicine, The department is actively involved in clinical training and research and training, A new radiopharmaceutical furifos rain from Mallinckrodt, Holland was successfully tested in the department in collaboration with University of London. A large number of original research works have been published from the department in local and international journals.

Following services are being offered at Nuclear Medicine Department:

  • Stress/Rest Myocardial Perfusion Studies
  • Gated Spect for Perfusion and Function
  • Myocardial Viability Studies
  • Infarct Avid Imaging
  • MUGA Scan for LV/RV Function
  • First Pass Study for Shunt Analysis
  • Lung Perfusion/Ventilation Scans
  • Dynamic Renal Studies
  • DMSA Renal Scan
  • MDP Whole Body Bone Scan
  • Thyroid Scans
  • Parathyroid Scans
  • Labeled White Cell Scan for Infection
  • RBC Study for Gl Bleed
  • Radionuclide Venography

Angiography Department


Department of Cardiac Catheterization & Interventional Cardiology includes 5 state-of-the-art Catheterization Laboratories and offers the latest in heart disease diagnostic procedures to patients. Performing both inpatient and outpatient studies, we do more than 16,000 procedures per year. These procedures are done by both the traditional femoral (leg) approach and the radial (wrist) approach. Diagnostic catheterization is the primary procedure performed in the laboratories which, depending on the patient's situation, may lead to one or more of a variety of interventional options. Interventional services offered to patients include coronary angioplasty, intracoronary stenting, and valvuloplasty. Prompt surgical backup from our world-class surgical team is available for all procedures, though seldom necessary.


The department specializes in non-surgical interventions to treat diseases of the coronary and peripheral arteries. Its physicians offer a premier program providing the latest techniques to open or clear blockages in the coronary and peripheral arteries, such as balloon angioplasty with Stents.

Angiography Labs perform following procedures:

  • Percutaneous Coronary Intervention(PCI) with balloon and stent implantation
  • Peripheral Angioplasty and Stenting (Carotid, Renal, Lower Limb)
  • Percutaneous Transvenous Mitral Commissurotomy (PTMC)
  • Pulmonary and Aortic Valvuloplasty
  • PDA and ASD Closure with different devices
  • Treatment of Coarctation of Aorta with balloon and stent

Cardiovascular Computed Tomography (CT)


Cardiovascular Computed Tomography Department was established in 2008. The department is equipped with state of the art GE Lightspeed VCT 64 slice CT scanner with 0.35 sec rotation time for cardiovascular imaging in adults and children. The system is optimally configured for coronary, cerebral and peripheral angiography in addition to performing all type of general CT studies. About 1500 cardiac and non cardiac studies are performed annually in the department.


Radiology Department


Radiology Department of Punjab institute of Cardiology was established in January, 1990. It was designed to cater the radiological needs of cardiac patients. Department became functional with few x-rays machines and a consultant radiologist. Later on, latest equipment kept adding in the array of its radiological tools. In 2008 it became the first radiology department in the country to have the prestigious ISO 9001 – 2000 certification, which The department is successfully holding till to date.

Formal teaching of the subject of radiology to FCPS and Diploma in Cardiology students was started when Prof. Dr. M. Shahnawaz joined as head of the department.


Presently, the department has a state of the art 64-slice Computerized Tomography Scanner, a 800mA X-ray unit with fluoroscopy, five 300mA mobile x-ray machines, a digital ultrasound machine, an automatic film processor and a digital radiography system. Mobile x-ray units were added to improve the bedside and emergency coverage.

Ever since its establishment, the work load of the department has been on a steady increase, at present almost 50,000 radiological examinations, 2500 ultrasound studies & 1000 specialized radiological procedures are performed per annum.

The department is providing following services to Indoor and OPD patients:

  • Obstetrical Sonography
    • Biophysical Profile
    • Fetal Anomalies​
  • Ultrasonography
  • Abdominal Ultrasound
  • Hepatibilliary
  • KUB & Genitourinary
  • Pelvic Ultrasound
  • Obstetrical Sonography
  • Ultrasound Thorax
    • Pleural Effusion
    • Atelectasis
    • Masses
    • Diaphragmatic Excursion
  • USG Guided Procedures
    • Biopsy
    • Abscess Drainage
    • Pleural and Pericardial Effusion Drainage
    • Ascites Drainage
  • Gentral & Specialized Radiological Procedures
    • X-Rays of all regions of body
    • Intravenous Urography
    • Retrograde Urethero-Cystography
    • Micturating Urethero-Cystography
    • Percutanous Cystography
    • Barium Studies of GIT
    • Barium Colostomy Study
    • Gastrographin Study
    • Sinogram
    • Sialography
    • Myelography
    • Venography
    • Hystero-Salpingography
    • Pelvimetry
  • Ultrasound Small Parts
    • Soft Tissue
    • Thyroid
    • Breast

Working Hours

General Radiological Services are provided 24 hours, round the clock, 07days a week, throughout the year. Specialized Procedures & Ultrasonography is carried out on appointment, during morning hours from 9:00am - 3:00pm daily, except Sundays & scheduled holidays.


Pathology Department


Pathology Department of PIC. headed by Professor of Pathology with best equipped Laboratory is the first ISO Certified Lab in Public Sector hospitals. All pathological tests relevant to the cardiac patients are conducted here. Services remain open round the clock. Pathology Lab is participating in the UK based External Quality Assurance Program (RIQAS). A number of latest machines have been added which include automatic analyzer, hematology analyzer, blood gas analyzer etc. On average 700-800 patients samples are examined per day. To facilitate the private patients a pathology collection center has been established outside PIC building. The Pathology Laboratory has infrastructure for all tests required for cardiac patients.


Electrophysiology Department


An EP study is a test that records the electrical activity and measures the electrical pathways of heart rhythm disturbance. Our Electrophysiology Laboratory specializes in diagnosing the cause of complex or life-threatening arrhythmias, which can not be assessed through conventional means. Electrophysiology procedures include Permanent Pacemaker implantation, Defibrillator implantation and radio-frequency ablations. These techniques have revolutionized the treatment of arrhythmias of the heart..